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Untitled (Sometimes it is not a question of what the visible hides but how it is that we have failed to see certain things on the surface) or Untitled (The modern surface), 2022
Floral wrapping paper, sconce replicas of fixtures at the Metropolitan Republican Club, New York
Dimensions variable

Caulk Lock, 2022
Replica of the vandalized front door lock system at the Metropolitan Republican Club on October 12, 2018, New York; caulk
8 x 6 ½ x 7 ¼ inches

In anticipation of a 2018 lecture by Proud Boys founder, Gavin McInnes, antifascist counter-protests ensued, including an attempt to prevent entry by gluing the club’s keypad lock. As of April 8, 2022, a high-ranking Proud Boys member has pleaded guilty for conspiring to obstruct an official congressional proceeding and assaulting U.S. Capitol police. He and five other members of the Proud Boys and The Oath Keepers were on trial in the January 6th investigation.

Installation view of Figural Realism at Jenkins Johnson Gallery, New York, curated by Meleko Mokgosi.


Lieu de mémoire (À utiliser dans service intérieur), 2017–present
67 French colonial postcards (circa 1904–10); hung at the height of the surrounding fence at La Consulaire, Brest. 14 x 9 cm.

Postcards documenting Versailles, bourgeois leisure, cathedrals, chateaux, and the gardens of the Barbizon school of landscape painters. Each reads “À utiliser seulement dans le service intérieur,” or “Use for internal service only.” Only to be circulated within France, Algeria, and Tunisia, these are artifacts of an enduring conception of Algeria and Tunisia as interior to France, a result of the French colonial empire and its postcolonial present.

Kateb Yacine writes, French language remains one of many Algerian “spoils of war.”

Installation view at Petrine, Paris, January 2023.

A Long Duration of Losses (Baba Merzoug) I, 2023

Nineteenth-century engravings of the July Column, Place de la Bastille, 1830, and the Baba Merzoug, looted in 1830 by the French during the Invasion of Algiers. On July 29, 1833, as part of the third anniversary of the July Revolution, the spoliated cannon (Baba Merzoug) was erected as La Consulaire at the naval port, Brest, where it still remains. Algeria officially requested its return in July 2012. 14 x 10 cm and 27.5 x 18.5 cm each. 50 x 50 cm overall.

A Long Duration of Losses (Baba Merzoug) III, 2023

Nineteenth-century engravings of the 1871 protests on the anniversary of the French Revolution; and the Baba Merzoug, spoliated and erected as La Consulaire, Brest. In the months that followed during the Paris Commune, the Place de la Bastille became the symbol of left and republican resistance, and was closely linked with 1870–71 revolutionary events in Algeria, and the formation of the Algerian Commune. Nevertheless, France continued its violent occupation and annexation of Algeria. 28.5 x 20 cm and 27.5 x 18.5 cm each. 50 x 50 cm overall.

A Long Duration of Losses (Baba Merzoug) II, 2023

Nineteenth-century postcard of the July Column, Place de la Bastille and engraving of the Baba Merzoug, looted in 1830 by the French during the Invasion of Algiers and erected as La Consulaire to commemorate the French war dead, Brest. 14 x 9 cm and 27.5 x 18.5 cm each. 50 x 50 cm overall. 

A Long Duration of Losses (Baba Merzoug) IV, 2023

Medal commemorating the 1880 Distribution of Flags at the Place de Bastille and nineteenthcentury engraving of the Baba Merzoug. The same year, France seized the skulls of twenty-four Algerian resistance fighters as “war trophies,” decapitated during resistance to French occupation, and kept them in the Musée de l’Homme, including those of resistance leaders Chérif Boubaghla, Cheikh Bouzian, Si-Moussa Al-Derqawi, and Mokhtar Al Titraoui. In July 2020, 171 years after the Battle of Zaatcha, the remains were repatriated to Algeria. 2 x 2 cm and 27.5 x 18.5 cm each. 50 x 50 cm overall.

A Long Duration of Losses (Le Magasin Pittoresque), 2023
Verso of nineteenth-century engraving of the July Column, Place de la Bastille, erected in 1830, the same year as the French Invasion of Algiers. The French encyclopedic journal, Le Magasin Pittoresque, was founded the year the Baba Merzoug was erected as La Consulaire in 1833. The description of the July Column notes four Gallic cockerels (coqs gallois) on the monument; the Baba Merzoug was also outfitted with a coq gallois, at the cannon’s mouth, when designated as La Consulaire. 27.5 x 18.5. 45 x 50 cm overall.

Lieu de mémoire (Coq en bronze), 2022
Replica of the Gallic cockerel finial on the Baba Merzoug, spoliated and erected as La Consulaire, Brest. Requests to exhibit the museum copy from the Musée de la Marine were denied comment; polystone, patinated copper. 38.1 x 25.4 cm.


3450–3660 21st Street, 2021
Single-channel digital video transferred from Super 8, black-and-white, silent

A counter-surveillance film of Mark Zuckerberg’s San Francisco mansion complex.

United States of America v. Reality Leigh Winner (Undecorated), 2022
Replica of U.S. Air Force badge case fabric on board with missing Air Force badges, ribbons, and commemorative medal, 17 x 23 inches 

Replica of Reality Winner’s bedspread on board (read: “The World’s Biggest Terrorist has a Pikachu Bedspread”), 23 x 17 inches each; 70 x 34 inches overall, within the average dimensions of correctional mattresses in Texas State

Declassified (May 2042), 2022
Garage door sweeps, leaked NSA document traced to whistleblower and intelligence specialist Reality Winner, ink
Dimensions variable

Untitled (Welcome), 2018–21
Flocked coir, carpeted rubber-backed, and waterhog doormats
Dimensions variable

Already-desecrated flags, the tyranny of language, notes towards unbelonging, a slowed-down news cycle.

Installation view at Lenfest Center for the Arts, June 2021.